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Faculty for Biology, Chemistry, and Earth Sciences

Department of Hydrology - Prof. Dr. Stefan Peiffer

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Frei, S*; Fleckenstein, JH; Peiffer, S; Knorr, KH; Lischeid, G: Runoff Generation, Residence Times & Dynamics of Surface/Sub-Surface Exchange in a Wetland with Micro-topography - a Modeling Study
Poster, FHDGG Conference 2010, Tübingen: 2010-05-12 - 2010-05-15

Abstract:
In mountainous catchments wetlands often make up large fractions of the total catchment area with potential implications for runoff generation and nutrient export. Wetland surfaces are often characterized by a distinct micro-topography (hollows and hummocks). The effects of such micro-topography on surface-subsurface exchange, runoff generation and sub-surface residence times for a 10 by 20 m synthetic section of a riparian wetland are investigated in this modeling study. The structure of the micro-topography replicates that of a riparian wetland in a small mountainous catchment in South-East Germany (Lehstenbach) and is created using geostatistical simulation. Flow is modeled with the fully integrated surface-subsurface code HydroGeoSphere. Simulation results show that the specific structure of the wetland surface results in distinct shifts between surface and subsurface flow dominance. The micro-topography efficiently buffers rainfall inputs and produces a hydrograph that is characterized by subsurface drainage during most of the year and only temporally shifts to surface flow dominance during intense rainstorms. Micro-topography induces a very heterogeneous sub-surface hydrology where a shallow and a deep flow system coexist resulting in a very complex sub-surface residence time distribution. Preliminary results show that the complex sub-surface flow field, with its broad range of different sub-surface flow paths, leads to biogeochemical patchiness.
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