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Faculty for Biology, Chemistry, and Earth Sciences

Department of Hydrology - Prof. Dr. Stefan Peiffer

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List of publications

Peer reviewed


Opitz, J., Alte, M., Bauer, M., Peiffer, S.: Quantifying iron removal efficiency of a passive mine water treatment system using turbidity as a proxy for (particulate) iron. Applied Geochemistry, 122, No. 104731 (2020).

Opitz, J., Alte, M., Bauer, M., Schäfer, W., Söll, T.: Estimation of Self-Neutralisation Rates in a Lignite Pit Lake. Mine Water and the Environment, 39(3), 556-571 (2020).

Glaser, C., Schwientek, M., Junginger, T., Gilfedder, B., Frei, S., Werneburg, M., Zwiener, C., Zarfl, C.: Comparison of environmental tracers including organic micropollutants as groundwater exfiltration indicators into a small river of a karstic catchment. Hydrological Processes, (2020).

Hockmann, K., Planer-Friedrich, B., Johnston, S., Peiffer, S., Burton, E.: Antimony mobility in sulfidic systems : Coupling with sulfide-induced iron oxide transformations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 282, 276-296 (2020).

Penna, D., Geris, J., Hopp, L., Scandellari, F.: Water sources for root water uptake : using stable isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen as a research tool in agricultural and agroforestry systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 291 (2020).

Hopp, L., Glaser, B., Klaus, J., Schramm, T.: The relevance of preferential flow in catchment scale simulations : Calibrating a 3D dual-permeability model using DREAM. Hydrological Processes, 34(5), 1237-1254 (2020).

Schaller, J., Frei, S., Rohn, L., Gilfedder, B.: Amorphous Silica Controls Water Storage Capacity and Phosphorus Mobility in Soils. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 8 (2020).

Glaser, B., Antonelli, M., Hopp, L., Klaus, J.: Intra-catchment variability of surface saturation : insights from physically based simulations in comparison with biweekly thermal infrared image observations. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 24(3), 1393-1413 (2020).

Frei, S., Wismeth, F., Gilfedder, B.: Quantifizierung lokaler Grundwassereintritte in die Spree und deren Bedeutung für die Verockerungsproblematik in der Laustiz. Grundwasser, 25 (2020).


Wolf, T., Ebner, R., Harum, T., Leis, A., Noffke, A., Pflugbeil, T., Pöschke, F., Winde, V., Gilfedder, B., Keim, C., Schwalb, A., Bödekker, S., Schick, R., Faißt, M., Lang, U., Eckert, D., Wessels, M., Mirbach, S.: Grundwasser in Seen – eine komplexe Spurensuche. Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung, 63(5), 242-261 (2019).

Durejka, S., Frei, S., Gilfedder, B.: A Method for Long-Term High Resolution 222-Radon Measurements Using a New Hydrophobic Capillary Membrane System. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 208/209, No. 105980 (2019).

Frei, S., Durejka, S., Le Lay, H., Thomas, Z., Gilfedder, B.: Quantification of Hyporheic Nitrate Removal at the Reach Scale : Exposure Times vs. Residence Times. Water Resources Research, 55(11), 9808-9825 (2019).

Frei, S., Piehl, S., Gilfedder, B., Löder, M., Krutzke, J., Wilhelm, L., Laforsch, C.: Occurence of microplastics in the hyporheic zone of rivers. Scientific Reports, 9 (2019).

Frei, S., Piehl, S., Gilfedder, B., Löder, M., Krutzke, J., Wilhelm, L., Laforsch, C.: Occurrence of microplastics in the hyporheic zone of rivers. Scientific Reports, 9 (2019).

Keim, C., Mehler, F., Wolf, T., Gilfedder, B.: Mapping spatial patterns of groundwater discharge in a deep lake using high-resolution temperature sensors. Inland Waters, 9(3), 334-344 (2019).

Kolbe, T., de Dreuzy, J., Abbott, B., Aquilina, L., Babey, T., Green, C., Fleckenstein, J., Labasque, T., Laverman, A., Marçais, J., Peiffer, S., Thomas, Z., Pinay, G.: Stratification of reactivity determines nitrate removal in groundwater. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(7) (2019).

Chifflard, P., Blume, T., Maerker, K., Hopp, L., van Meerveld, I., Graeff, T., Gronz, O., Hartmann, A., Kohl, B., Martini, E., Reinhardt‐Imjela, C., Reiss, M., Rinderer, M., Achleitner, S.: How can we model subsurface stormflow at the catchment scale if we cannot measure it?. Hydrological Processes, 33(9), 1378-1385 (2019).

Parra Suárez, S., Peiffer, S., Gebauer, G.: Origin and fate of nitrate runoff in an agricultural catchment: Haean, South Korea : Comparison of two extremely different monsoon seasons. Science of the Total Environment, 648, 66-79 (2019).

Oldham, C., Beer, J., Blodau, C., Fleckenstein, J., Jones, L., Neumann, C., Peiffer, S.: Controls on iron(II) fluxes into waterways impacted by acid mine drainage : A Damköhler analysis of groundwater seepage and iron kinetics. Water Research, 153, 11-20 (2019).

Gilfedder, B., Cartwright, I., Hofmann, H., Frei, S.: Explicit modelling of Radon-222 in HydroGeoSphere during steady state and dynamic transient storage. Groundwater, 57(1), 36-47 (2019).

Jäger, A., Posselt, M., Betterle, A., Schaper, J., Mechelke, J., Coll, C., Lewandowski, J.: Spatial and Temporal Variability in Attenuation of Polar Organic Micropollutants in an Urban Lowland Stream. Environmental Science & Technology, 53(5), 2383-2395 (2019).


Biester, H., Pérez-Rodrigez, M., Gilfedder, B., Cortizas, A., Hermanns, Y.: Solar irradiance and primary productivity controlled mercury accumulation in sediments of a remote lake in the Southern Hemisphere during the past 4000 years. Limnology and Oceanography, 63(2), 540-549 (2018).

Posselt, M., Jaeger, A., Schaper, J., Radke, M., Benskin, J.: Determination of polar organic micropollutants in surface and pore water by high-resolution sampling-direct injection-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts, 20(12), 1716-1727 (2018).

Yan, R., Kappler, A., Muehe, E., Knorr, K., Horn, M., Poser, A., Lohmayer, R., Peiffer, S.: Effect of Reduced Sulfur Species on Chemolithoautotrophic Pyrite Oxidation with Nitrate. Geomicrobiology Journal, 36(1), 19-29 (2018).

Gilfedder, B., Peiffer, S., Pöschke, F., Spirkaneder, A.: Grundwasserzufluss zum Steißlinger See und Folgen für die Wasserchemie. Grundwasser, 23(2), 155-165 (2018).

Schaper, J., Posselt, M., McCallum, J., Banks, E., Höhne, A., Meinikmann, K., Shanafield, M., Batelaan, O., Lewandowski, J.: Hyporheic exchange controls fate of trace organic compounds in an urban stream. Environmental Science & Technology, 52(21), 12285-12294 (2018).

Kim, K., Kim, B., Eum, J., Seo, B., Shope, C., Peiffer, S.: Impacts of Land Use Change and Summer Monsoon on Nutrients and Sediment Exports from an Agricultural Catchment. Water, 10(5) (2018).

Weyer, C., Peiffer, S., Lischeid, G.: Stream water quality affected by interacting hydrological and biogeochemical processes in a riparian wetland. Journal of Hydrology, 563(8), 260-272 (2018).

Cartwright, I., Atkinson, A., Gilfedder, B., Hofmann, H., Cendón, D., Morgenstern, U.: Using geochemistry to understand water sources and transit times in headwater streams of a temperate rainforest. Applied Geochemistry, 99, 1-12 (2018).


Wan, M., Schröder, C., Peiffer, S.: Fe(III):S(-II) Concentration Ratio Controls the Pathway and the Kinetics of Pyrite Formation during Sulfidation of Ferric Hydroxides. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 217, 334-348 (2017).

Paikaray, S., Schröder, C., Peiffer, S.: Schwertmannite stability in anoxic Fe(II)-rich aqueous solution. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 217, 292-305 (2017).


Frei, S., Peiffer, S.: Exposure times rather than residence times control redox transformation efficiencies in riparian wetlands. Journal of Hydrology, 543, 182-196 (2016).

Peiffer, S.: Reaction time scales for sulphate reduction in sediments of acidic pit lakes and its relation to in-lake acidity neutralisation. Applied Geochemistry, 73, 8-12 (2016).

Thomas, Z., Rousseau-Gueutin, P., Kolbe, T., Abbott, B., Marçais, J., Bishop, K., Peiffer, S., Frei, S., Pichelin, P., Pinay, G., de Dreuzy, J.: Constitution of a catchment virtual observatory for sharing flow and transport models outputs. Journal of Hydrology, (2016).

Estop‐Aragonés, C., Zajac, K., Blodau, C.: Effects of extreme experimental drought and rewetting on CO2 and CH4 exchange in mesocosms of 14 European peatlands with different nitrogen and sulfur deposition. Global Change Biology, 22(6), 2285-2300 (2016).

Lu, S., Peiffer, S., Lazar, C., Oldham, C., Neu, T., Ciobota, V., Näb, O., Lillicrap, A., Rösch, P., Popp, J., Küsel, K.: Extremophile microbiomes in acidic and hypersaline river sediments of Western Australia. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 8(1), 58-67 (2016).

Kim, K., Kim, B., Knorr, K., Eum, J., Choi, Y., Jung, S., Peiffer, S.: Potential effects of sediment processes on water quality of an artificial reservoir in the Asian monsoon region. Inland Waters, 6(3), 423-435 (2016).


Yu, Z., Peiffer, S., Göttlicher, J., Knorr, K.: Electron transfer budgets and kinetics of abiotic oxidation and incorporation of aqueous sulfide by dissolved organic matter. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(9), 5441-5449 (2015).

Cánovas, C., Peiffer, S., Macias, F., Olias, M., Nieto, J.: Geochemical processes in a high acidic pit lake of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (SW Spain). Chemical Geology, 395, 144-153 (2015).

Yan, R., Kappler, A., Peiffer, S.: Interference of Nitrite with Pyrite under Acidic Conditions : Implications for Studies of Chemolithotrophic Denitrification. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(19), 11403-11410 (2015).

Cartwright, I., Gilfedder, B.: Mapping and quantifying groundwater inflows to Deep Creek (Maribyrnong catchment, SE Australia) using 222Rn, implications for protecting groundwater-dependant ecosystems. Applied Geochemistry, 52, 118-129 (2015).

Atkinson, A., Cartwright, I., Gilfedder, B., Hofmann, H., Unland, N., Cendon, D., Chisari, R.: A multi-tracer approach to quantifying groundwater inflows to an upland river : assessing the influence of variable groundwater chemistry. Hydrological Processes, 29(1), 1-12 (2015).

Peiffer, S., Behrends, T., Hellige, K., Larese-Casanova, P., Wan, M., Pollok, K.: Pyrite formation and mineral transformation pathways upon sulfidation of ferric hydroxide depend on mineral type and sulfide concentration. Chemical Geology, 400, 44-55 (2015).

Pinay, G., Peiffer, S., de Dreuzy, J., Krause, S., Hannah, D., Fleckenstein, J., Sebilo, M., Bishop, K., Hubert-Moy, L.: Upscaling nitrogen removal capacity from local hotspots to low stream orders' drainage basins. Ecosystems, 18(6), 1101-1120 (2015).


Weyer, C., Peiffer, S., Schulze, K., Borken, W., Lischeid, G.: Catchments as heterogeneous and multi-species reactors: An integral approach for identifying biogeochemical hot-spots at the catchment scale. Journal of Hydrology, 519, 1560-1571 (2014).

Cartwright, I., Gilfedder, B., Hofmann, H.: Contrasts between estimates of baseflow help discern multiple sources of water contributing to rivers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 15-30 (2014).

Wan, M., Shchukarev, A., Lohmayer, R., Planer-Friedrich, B., Peiffer, S.: Occurrence of surface polysulphides during the interaction between ferric (hydr)oxides and aqueous sulphide. Environmental Science & Technology, 48(9), 5076-5084 (2014).

Paikaray, S., Göttlicher, J., Essilfie-Dughan, J., Pollok, K., Peiffer, S.: Redox Stability of As(III) on Schwertmannite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 265, 208-216 (2014).

Bartsch, S., Frei, S., Ruidisch, M., Shope, C., Peiffer, S., Kim, B., Fleckenstein, J.: River-aquifer exchange fluxes under monsoonal climate conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 509, 601-614 (2014).

Penna, D., Mantese, N., Hopp, L., Dalla Fontana, G., Borga, M.: Spatio-temporal variability of piezometric response on two steep alpine hillslopes. Hydrological Processes, 29(2), 198-211 (2014).

Shope, C., Maharjan, G., Tenhunen, J., Seo, B., Kim, K., Riley, J., Arnhold, S., Koellner, T., Ok, Y., Peiffer, S., Kim, B., Park, J., Huwe, B.: Using the SWAT model to improve process descriptions and define hydrologic partitioning in South Korea. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 539-557 (2014).


Estop Aragonés, C., Knorr, K., Blodau, C.: Belowground in situ redox dynamics and methanogenesis recovery in a degraded fen during dry-wet cycles and flooding. Biogeosciences, 10, 421-436 (2013).

Cartwright, I., Gilfedder, B., Hofmann, H.: Chloride imbalance in a catchment undergoing hydrological change: Upper Barwon River, southeast Australia. Applied Geochemistry, 31, 187-198 (2013).

Neubauer, E., von der Kammer, F., Knorr, K., Peiffer, S., Reichert, M., Hofmann, T.: Colloid-associated export of arsenic in stream water during stormflow events. Chemical Geology, 352, 81-91 (2013).

Strohmeier, S., Knorr, K., Reichert, M., Frei, S., Fleckenstein, J., Peiffer, S., Matzner, E.: Concentrations and fluxes of dissolved organic carbon in runoff from a forested catchment: Insights from high frequency measurements. Biogeosciences, 10, 905-916 (2013).

Knorr, K.: DOC-dynamics in a small headwater catchment as driven by redox fluctuations and hydrological flow paths - are DOC exports mediated by iron reduction/oxidation cycles?. Biogeosciences, 10, 891-904 (2013).

Coenders-Gerrits, A., Hopp, L., Savenije, H., Pfister, L.: The effect of spatial throughfall patterns on soil moisture patterns at the hillslope scale. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 1749-1763 (2013).

Riml, J., Wörman, A., Kunkel, U., Radke, M.: Evaluating the fate of six common pharmaceuticals using a reactive transport model: insights from a stream tracer test. Science of the Total Environment, 458/460, 344-354 (2013).

Oldham, C., Farrow, D., Peiffer, S.: A generalized Damköhler number for classifying material processing in hydrological systems. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 1133-1148 (2013).

Thüns, S., Blodau, C., Radke, M.: How suitable are peat cores to study historical deposition of PAHs?. Science of the Total Environment, 450/451, 271-279 (2013).

Yu, Z., Wang, W.: Influences of ambient carbon nanotubes on toxic metals accumulation in Daphnia magna. Water Research, 47(12), 4179-4187 (2013).

Shope, C., Maharjan, G., Tenhunen, J., Seo, B., Kim, K., Riley, J., Arnhold, S., Koellner, T., Ok, Y., Peiffer, S., Kim, B., Park, J., Huwe, B.: An interdisciplinary SWAT ecohydrological model to define catchment-scale hydrologic partitioning. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 10, 7235-7290 (2013).

Partington, D., Brunner, P., Frei, S., Simmons, C., Werner, A., Therrien, R., Maier, H., Dandy, G., Fleckenstein, J.: Interpreting streamflow generation mechanisms from integrated surface-subsurface flow models of a riparian wetland and catchment. Water Resources Research, 49(9), 5501-5519 (2013).

Unland, N., Cartwright, I., Andersen, M., Rau, G., Reed, J., Gilfedder, B., Atkinson, A., Hofmann, H.: Investigating the spatio-temporal variability in groundwater and surface water interactions: a multi-technique approach. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 3437-3453 (2013).

Bartsch, S., Shope, C., Arnhold, S., Jeong, J., Park, J., Eum, J., Kim, B., Peiffer, S., Fleckenstein, J.: Monsoonal-type climate or land-use management : Understanding their role in the mobilization of nitrate and DOC in a mountainous catchmen. Journal of Hydrology, 507, 149-162 (2013).

Frei, S., Fleckenstein, J.: Representing effects of micro-topography on runoff generation and sub-surface flow patterns by using superficial rill/depression storage height variations. Environmental Modelling & Software, 52, 5-18 (2013).

Arnhold, S., Ruidisch, M., Bartsch, S., Shope, C., Huwe, B.: Simulation of runoff patterns and soil erosion on mountainous farmland with and without plastic-covered ridge-furrow cultivation in South Korea. Transactions of the ASABE, 56(2), 667-679 (2013).

Neumann, C., Beer, J., Blodau, C., Peiffer, S., Fleckenstein, J.: Spatial patterns of groundwater-lake exchange - implications for acid neutralization processes in an acid mine lake. Hydrological Processes, 27(22), 3240-3253 (2013).

Shope, C., Bartsch, S., Kim, K., Kim, B., Tenhunen, J., Peiffer, S., Park, J., Ok, Y., Fleckenstein, J., Koellner, T.: A weighted, multi-method approach for accurate basin-wide streamflow estimation in an ungauged watershed. Journal of Hydrology, 494, 72-82 (2013).


Barthel, P., Thüns, S., Shunthirasingham, C., Westgate, J., Wania, F., Radke, M.: Application of XAD-resin based passive air samplers to assess local (roadside) and regional patterns of persistent organic pollutants. Environmental Pollution, 166, 218-225 (2012).

Paikaray, S., Göttlicher, J., Peiffer, S.: As(III) retention kinetics, equilibrium and redox stability on biosynthesized schwertmannite and its fate and control on schwertmannite stability on acidic (pH 3.0) aqueous exposure. Chemosphere, 86, 557-564 (2012).

Paikaray, S., Peiffer, S.: Biotic and Abiotic Schwertmannites as Scavengers for As(III): Mechanisms and Effects. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 223(6), 2933-2942 (2012).

Estop Aragonés, C., Blodau, C.: Effects of experimental drying intensity and duration on respiration and methane production recovery in fen peat incubations. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 47, 1-9 (2012).

Kunkel, U., Radke, M.: Fate of pharmaceuticals in rivers: deriving a benchmark dataset at favorable attenuation conditions. Water Research, 46(17), 5551-5565 (2012).

Dreyer, A., Thüns, S., Kirchgeorg, T., Radke, M.: Ombrotrophic Peat Bogs Are Not Suited as Natural Archives To Investigate the Historical Atmospheric Deposition of Perfluoroalkyl Substances. Environmental Science & Technology, 46, 7512-7519 (2012).

Hellige, K., Pollok, K., Larese-Casanova, P., Behrends, T., Peiffer, S.: Pathways of ferrous iron mineral formation upon sulfidation of lepidocrocite surfaces. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 81(15), 69-81 (2012).

Broder, T., Blodau, C., Biester, H., Knorr, K.: Peat decomposition records in three pristine ombrotrophic bogs in southern Patagonia. Biogeosciences, 9, 1479-1491 (2012).

Pester, M., Knorr, K., Friedrich, M., Wagner, M., Loy, A.: Sulfate-reducing microorganisms in wetlands – fameless actors in carbon cycling and climate change. Frontiers in Microbiology, 3(72) (2012).

Frei, S., Knorr, K., Peiffer, S., Fleckenstein, J.: Surface micro-topography causes hot spots of biogeochemical activity in wetland systems : a virtual modeling experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 117(G00N12), 1-18 (2012).


Bauer, M., Gassen, N., Stanjek, H., Peiffer, S.: Carbonation of lignite fly ash at ambient T and P in a semi-dry reaction system for CO₂ sequestration. Applied Geochemistry, 26(8), 1502-1512 (2011).

Paikaray, S., Göttlicher, J., Peiffer, S.: Removal of As(III) from acidic waters using schwertmannite: Surface speciation and effect of synthesis pathway. Chemical Geology, 283(3/4), 134-142 (2011).

Back, M., Bauer, M., Stanjek, H., Peiffer, S.: Sequestration of CO2 after reaction with alkaline earth metal oxides CaO and MgO. Applied Geochemistry, 26(7), 1097-1107 (2011).


Paikaray, S., Peiffer, S.: Dissolution Kinetics of Sulfate from Schwertmannite under Variable pH Conditions. Mine Water and the Environment, 29(4), 263-269 (2010).


Peiffer, S., Oldham, C., Salmon, U., Lillicrap, A., Küsel, K.: Does Iron Cycling Trigger Generation of Acidity in Groundwaters of Western Australia?. Environmental Science & Technology, 43(17), 6548-6552 (2009).

Weiss, A., Jérôme, V., Burghardt, D., Likke, L., Peiffer, S., Hofstetter, E., Gabler, R., Freitag, R.: Investigation of factors influencing biogas production in a large-scale thermophilic municipal biogas plant. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 84(5), 987-1001 (2009).


Hopp, L., Nico, P., Marcus, M., Peiffer, S.: Arsenic and Chromium Partitioning in a Podzolic Soil Contaminated by Chromated Copper Arsenate. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(17), 6481-6486 (2008).

Jha, M., Namgial, D., Kamii, Y., Peiffer, S.: Hydraulic Parameters of Coastal Aquifer Systems by Direct Methods and an Extended Tide–Aquifer Interaction Technique. Water Resources Management, 22(12), 1899-1923 (2008).

Back, M., Kühn, M., Stanjek, H., Peiffer, S.: Reactivity of Alkaline Lignite Fly Ashes towards CO₂ in Water. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(12), 4520-4526 (2008).


Jha, M., Chowdhury, A., Chowdary, V., Peiffer, S.: Groundwater Management and Development by integrated Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems: Prospects and Constraints. Water Resources Management, 21(2), 427-467 (2007).

Peiffer, S., Gade, W.: Reactivity of ferric oxides toward H₂S at low pH. Environmental Science & Technology, 41(9), 3159-3164 (2007).

Blodau, C., Mayer, B., Peiffer, S., Moore, T.: Support for an anaerobic sulfur cycle in two Canadian peatland soils. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 112(G2), G02004 (2007).


Marczinek, S., Schäfer, W., Peiffer, S.: Identifizierung und Quantifizierung natürlicher Abbauprozesse in einem mit Chlorethenen kontaminierten Grundwasserleiter. Grundwasser, 11(3), 207-216 (2006).

Hopp, L., Peiffer, S., Durner, W.: Spatial Variability of Arsenic and Chromium in the Soil Water at a Former Wood Preserving Site. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 85(3/4), 159-178 (2006).


Regenspurg, S., Peiffer, S.: Arsenate and chromate incorporation in schwertmannite. Applied Geochemistry, 20(6), 1226-1239 (2005).


Regenspurg, S., Brand, A., Peiffer, S.: Formation and stability of schwertmannite in acidic mining lakes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(6), 1185-1197 (2004).

Meckler, A., Schubert, C., Cowie, G., Peiffer, S., Dittrich, M.: New organic matter degradation proxies: Valid in lake systems?. Limnology and Oceanography, 49(6), 2023-2033 (2004).

Heimann, A., Marczinek, S., Kloos, K., Peiffer, S.: Optimization of the Sampling Technique for the Determination of Dissolved Hydrogen in Groundwater. Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, 31(6), 491-500 (2004).

Buczko, U., Hopp, L., Berger, W., Durner, W., Peiffer, S., Scheithauer, M.: Simulation of chromium transport in the unsaturated zone for predicting contaminant entries into the groundwater. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 167(3), 284-292 (2004).


Blodau, C., Peiffer, S.: Thermodynamics and organic matter: constraints on neutralization processes in highly acidic waters. Applied Geochemistry, 18(1), 25-36 (2003).


Laskov, C., Amelung, W., Peiffer, S.: Organic matter preservation in the sediment of an acidic mining lake. Environmental Science & Technology, 36(20), 4218-4223 (2002).

Regenspurg, S., Gößner, A., Peiffer, S., Küsel, K.: Potential Remobilization of Toxic Anions during Reduction of Arsenated and Chromated Schwertmannite by the Dissimilatory Fe(III)-Reducing Bacterium Acidiphilium cryptum JF-5. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution : Focus, 2(3), 57-67 (2002).


Küsel, K., Roth, U., Trinkwalter, T., Peiffer, S.: Effect of pH on the anaerobic microbial cycling of sulfur in mining-impacted freshwater lake sediments. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 46(3), 213-223 (2001).

Calmano, W., Bilitewski, U., Flemming, H., Hofmann, T., Peiffer, S., Ternes, T., Wilken, R.: The German Water Chemical Society: Actual Trends and Fields of Research in the Principle Committee “Basic Research”. Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, 29(6/7), 419-427 (2001).


Peine, A., Küsel, K., Tritschler, A., Peiffer, S.: Electron flow in an iron-rich acidic sedimant - evidence for an acidity-driven iron cycle. Limnology and Oceanography, 45(5), 1077-1087 (2000).

Blodau, C., Peine, A., Hoffmann, S., Peiffer, S.: Organic matter diagenesis in acidic mining lakes. Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, 28(3), 123-135 (2000).

Rothenhöfer, P., Sahin, H., Peiffer, S.: Verringerung der Schwermetall- und Sulfatbelastung in sauren bergbaubelasteten Gewässern durch Aluminiumpräzipitate. Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, 28(3), 136-144 (2000).


Peiffer, S., Walton-Day, K., Macalady, D.: The interaction of natural organic matter with iron in a wetland (Tennessee Park, Colorado) receiving acid mine drainage. Aquatic Geochemistry, 5(2), 207-223 (1999).

Peiffer, S., Stubert, I.: The oxidation of pyrite at pH 7 in the presence of reducing and nonreducing Fe(III)-chelators. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63(19/20), 3171-3182 (1999).

Schulz, K., Huwe, B., Peiffer, S.: Parameter uncertainty in chemical equilibrium calculations using fuzzy set theory. Journal of Hydrology, 217(1/2), 119-134 (1999).


Blodau, C., Hoffmann, S., Peine, A., Peiffer, S.: Iron and sulfate reduction in the sediments of acidic mine lake 116 (Brandenburg, Germany): Rates and geochemical evaluation. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 108(3/4), 249-270 (1998).

Sahin, H., Dieffenbach, A., Kaupenjohann, M., Peiffer, S.: Neutralization of atmospheric acid inputs in small spring catchments in the Frankenwald mountains, Germany. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 102(1/2), 117-138 (1998).

Kleber, A., Lindemann, J., Schellenberger, A., Beierkuhnlein, C., Kaupenjohann, M., Peiffer, S.: Slope deposits and water paths in a spring catchment, Frankenwald, Bavaria, Germany. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 50, 119-126 (1998).


Becker, U., Peiffer, S.: Heavy metal ion complexation by particulate matter in the leachate of solid-waste - a multi-method approach. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 24(3/4), 313-344 (1997).

Kammerer, G., Peiffer, S., Kaupenjohann, M.: Die Identifikation von Schwefel-Festphasen in heterogenen Systemen mit Hilfe spektroskopischer und mikroskopischer Methoden. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Bodenkundlichen Gesellschaft, 85(3), 1525-1528 (1997).

Peiffer, S., Beierkuhnlein, C., Sandhage-Hofmann, A., Kaupenjohann, M., Bär, S.: Impact of high aluminium loading on a small catchment area (Thuringia slate mining area): geochemical transformations and hydrological transport. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 94(3/4), 401-416 (1997).

Wittke, R., Ludwig, W., Peiffer, S., Kleiner, D.: Isolation and characterization of Burkholderia norimbergensis sp. nov., a mildly alkaliphilic sulfur oxidizer. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 20(4), 549-553 (1997).

Kammerer, G., Kaupenjohann, M., Peiffer, S.: Der Nachweis von Schwefelfestphasen auf Gibbsitoberflächen mittels SEM, XPS und XFA. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Bodenkundlichen Gesellschaft, 83, 33-36 (1997).


Martin, N., Schuster, I., Peiffer, S.: Two experimental methods to determine the speciation of Cadmium in sediment from the River Neckar. Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, 24(2), 68-76 (1996).


Peiffer, S.: Predicting trace-metal speciation in sulphidic leachates from anaerobic solid-waste digestors by use of the pH₂S-value as a master variable. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 16(3), 289-313 (1994).

Peiffer, S., Becker, U., Herrmann, R.: The role of particulate matter in the mobilization of trace metals during anaerobic digestion of solid waste material. Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, 22(3), 130-137 (1994).


Peiffer, S., dos Santos Afonso, M., Wehrli, B., Gächter, R.: Kinetics and mechanism of the reaction of H₂S with lepidocrocite. Environmental Science & Technology, 26, 2408-2413 (1992).

Peiffer, S., Klemm, O., Pecher, K., Hollerung, R.: Redox measurements in aqueous solutions - a theoretical approach to data interpretation, based on electrode kinetics. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 10(1), 1-18 (1992).


Striebel, T., Schäfer, W., Peiffer, S.: How does landfill leachate affect the chemical processes in a lake system downgradient from a landfill site?. Aquatic Sciences, 53(4), 346-366 (1991).

Klemm, O., Peiffer, S.: The Use of Silver Ion Buffers for Calibrating a pH₂S Electrode Cell. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 45(4), 245-255 (1991).


Staudinger, B., Peiffer, S., Avnimelech, Y., Berman, T.: Phosphorus mobility in interstitial waters of sediments in Lake Kinneret, Israel. Hydrobiologia, 207, 167-177 (1990).


Peiffer, S., Bergstein-Ben Dan, T., Frevert, T., Cavari, B.: Survival of E. Coli and Enterococci in sediment-water systems of lake Kinneret under (feedback) controlled concentrations of hydrogen sulfide. Water Research, 22(2), 233-240 (1988).


Peiffer, S., Frevert, T.: Potentiometric determination of heavy metal sulphide solubilities using a pH²S (glass|Ag°, Ag₂S) electrode cell. Analyst, 112, 951-954 (1987).

Books and Book sections


Schäfer, W., Alte, M., Bauer, M., Söll, T., Peiffer, S.: Quantification of Acidity Deposition in the Sediment of a former lignite mining lake in the Wackersdorf Mining District (Eastern Bavaria). In: Carsten Drebenstedt, Michael Paul (eds.): Mining meets water - conflicts and solutions : Proceedings IMWA 2016. - Freiberg : Technische Universität Bergakademie, 2016. - 236-250.

Peiffer, S., Wan, M.: Reductive dissolution and reactivity of Ferric (hydr)oxides - new insights and implications for environmental redox processes. In: Faivre Damien (eds.): Iron Oxides : from nature to applications. - Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2016. - 29-51.

Peiffer, S., Wan, M.: Reductive dissolution and reactivity of Ferric (hydr)oxides : New insights and implications for environmental redox processes. In: Damien Faivre (eds.): Iron oxides : from nature to applications. - Weinheim : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016. - 29-51.

Klug, M., Janneck, E., Reichel, S., Peiffer, S.: Treatment of chromate(VI) and vandate(V) polluted wastewaters using schwertmannite adsorbents. In: Carsten Drebenstedt, Michael Paul (eds.): Mining meets water - conflicts and solutions : Proceedings IMWA 2016. - Freiberg : Technische Universität Bergakademie, 2016. - 1012-1014.


Fleckenstein, J., Frei, S., Knorr, K.: Modelling interactions between hydrologic dynamics and biogeochemical processes in a riparian wetland of a low-order stream. In: Abesser, Corinna (Hrsg.): Conceptual and modelling studies of integrated groundwater, surface water, and ecological systems : proceedings of Symposium H01, held during IUGG2011 in Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. - Wallingford : IAHS Publ., 2011. - 87-92.

Peiffer, S., Knorr, K., Blodau, C.: The Role of Iron Minerals for the Biogeochemistry of Acid Pit Lakes. In: Geller, Walter (Hrsg.): Acidic pit lakes : the legacy of coal and metal surface mines. - Berlin : Springer, 2011. - 57-62.

Kurtz, W., Peiffer, S.: The role of transport in aquatic redox chemistry. In: Tratnyek, Paul G. ; Grundl, Timothy J. ; Haderlein, Stefan P. (Hrsg.): Aquatic Redox Chemistry. - Washington : American Chemical Society, 2011. - 559-580.


Paikaray, S., Peiffer, S.: Sorption and surface oxidation of As(III) by Fe-oxyhydroxysulfates in acidic medium. In: Jean, Jiin-Shuh ; Bundschuh, Jochen ; Bhattacharya, Prosun (Hrsg.): Arsenic in Geosphere and Human Diseases : As 2010. - Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2010. - 414-415.


Kühn, M., Clauser, C., Vosbeck, K., Stanjek, H., Meyn, V., Back, M., Peiffer, S.: Mineral Trapping of CO₂ in Operated Hydrogeothermal Reservoirs. In: Grobe, Matthias ; Pashin, Jack C. ; Dodge, Rebecca L. (Hrsg.): Carbon dioxide sequestration in geological media : state of the science. - Tulsa, Okla. : AAPG, 2009. - 545-552.


Beierkuhnlein, C., Foken, T., Schmid, N., Wolf, B., Gohlke, A., Alt, M., Thomas, S., Stahlmann, R., Dech, S., Jentsch, A., Kuzyakov, Y., Matzner, E., Menzel, A., Peiffer, S., Rötzer, T., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Tenhunen, J., Walther, G., Burghardt, D., Wiesenberg, G., Glaser, B., Jacobeit, J., Pretzsch, H., Beck, C., Melzer, A., Erhard, D.: Klimawandel in Bayern : Auswirkungen und Anpassungsmöglichkeiten. - Bayreuth : 2008.


Jha, M., Peiffer, S.: Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies in Groundwater Hydrology: Past, Present and Future. - Bayreuth : BayCEER, 2006. - VIII, 201


Blodau, C., Peiffer, S.: Deposition of organic matter and schwertmannite controls neutralization rates in sediments of acidic mine lakes. In: Schulz, Horst D. (Hrsg.): Geochemical processes in soil and groundwater: measurement - modelling - upscaling ; GeoProc 2002. - Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2003. - 241-258.


Blodau, C., Peiffer, S.: Deposition und Transformation des Eisenminerals Schwertmannit unterdrückt die interne Neutralisation in Restseen des Braunkohletagebaus. In: Deneke, Rainer (Hrsg.): Tagungsband zum Workshop "Biogene Alkalinitätsproduktion und Neutralisierung als ergänzende Strategie für die Restaurierung von extrem sauren Tagebauseen": 11. - 12. März 2002 an der BTU Cottbus. - Cottbus : 2002. - 81-86.


Peiffer, S., Pecher, K.: Experimentelle Aquatische Chemie. - Heidelberg : Spektrum, Akad. Verl., 1997. - 177

Peiffer, S.: Die Oxidation von Eisensulfiden und ihre Auswirkung auf die Umwelt. In: Biologie und Chemie der Altlasten. - Weinheim : VCH, 1997. - 131-139.

Peiffer, S.: Physikalische und chemische Randbedingungen für die Bewertung des Verhaltens von Schadstoffen in Böden und Grundwasser. In: Chemie und Biologie der Altlasten. - Weinheim : VCH, 1997. - 100-103.

Peiffer, S.: Umweltgeochemische Bedeutung der Bildung und Oxidation von Pyrit in Gewässersedimenten. - Bayreuth : Bayreuther Inst. für Terrestrische Ökosystemforschung, 1997. - 89


Wittke, R., Peiffer, S., Kleiner, D.: Isolation, identification and characterization of bacterial strains capable of heterotrophic sulphur oxidation. In: Simon, Meinhard ; Güde, Hans ; Weisse, Thomas (Hrsg.): Aquatic microbial ecology : Proceedings of the 6. International Workshop on the Measurement of Microbial Activities in the Cycling of Matter in Aquatic Environments, Konstanz, Germany, 17-22 April 1995. - Stuttgart : Schweizerbart, 1996. - 15-20.

Peine, A., Peiffer, S.: Neutralisation processes in acid mine lake sediments. In: Simon, Meinhard ; Güde, Hans ; Weisse, Thomas (Hrsg.): Aquatic microbial ecology : Proceedings of the 6. International Workshop on the Measurement of Microbial Activities in the Cycling of Matter in Aquatic Environments, Konstanz, Germany, 17-22 April 1995. - Stuttgart : Schweizerbart, 1996. - 261-267.


Lindemann, J., Peiffer, S., Herrmann, R., Kaupenjohann, M., Zech, W.: Ökosysteminterne Neutralisierung atmosphärischer Säureeinträge durch redoxchemische Prozesse in Quellmooren (Frankenwald, NO-Bayern). In: Internationales Symposium Grundwasserversauerung durch Atmosphärische Deposition - Ursachen, Auswirkungen, Sanierungsstrategien: 26. - 28. Oktober 1994, Bayreuth, Deutschland. - München : 1995. - 197-200.

Other publications


Glaser, B.: On synergies between spatially-distributed, physically-based simulations and field observations in catchment hydrology. - Bayreuth: 2020. - V, 149 p.
(Thesis, 2020, Universität Bayreuth, Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften)


Payeur-Poirier, J.: Hydrological dynamics of forested catchments as influenced by the East Asian summer monsoon. - Bayreuth: 2018. - XVII, 165 p.
(Thesis, 2018, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuther Graduiertenschule für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften - BayNAT)


Yan, R.: Effects of reduced sulfur speciation and nitrite on the chemolithoautotrophic pyrite oxidation with nitrate : implications for studies of chemolithoautotrophic denitrification. - Bayreuth: 2017. - XV, 115 p.
(Thesis, 2017, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuther Graduiertenschule für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften - BayNAT)


Kim, K.: Effects of Internal and External Processes on Water Quality and the Composition of Bottom Sediments in a Reservoir under Monsoon Climate. - Bayreuth: 2016. - XIX, 151 p.
(Thesis, 2016, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuther Graduiertenschule für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften - BayNAT)


Wan, M.: Interaction between ferric hydroxides and dissolved sulfide in anoxic aquifers: Pathway and kinetics of iron and sulfur products formation. - Bayreuth: 2015. - VIII, 179 p.
(Thesis, 2015, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuther Graduiertenschule für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften - BayNAT)


Bartsch, S.: Monsoonal affected dynamics of nitrate and dissolved organic carbon in a mountainous catchment under intensive land-use. - Bayreuth: 2014.
(Thesis, 2014, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuther Graduiertenschule für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften - BayNAT)

Cartwright, I., Hofmann, H., Gilfedder, B., Smyth, B.: Understanding parafluvial exchange and degassing to better quantify groundwater inflows using 222Rn: The King River, southeast Australia. Chemical Geology, 380, 48-60 (2014).


Ruidisch, M., Bartsch, S., Kettering, J., Huwe, B., Frei, S.: The effect of fertilizer best management practices on nitrate leaching in a plastic mulched ridge cultivation system. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, (169), 21-32 (2013).


Paikaray, S., Peiffer, S.: Abiotic schwertmannite transformation kinetics and the role of sorbed As(III). Applied Geochemistry, 27(3), 590-597 (2012).


Hofstetter, E., Gabler, R., Peiffer, S., Hilbrig, F., Freitag, R.: Ammoniakstrippung an einer etablierten, thermophilen Biogasanlage - technische und wirtschaftliche Evaluierung. Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 81(7), 921-932 (2009).

Treskatis, C., Hein, C., Peiffer, S., Hermann, F.: Brunnenalterung: Sind Glaskugeln einen Alternative zum Filterkies nach DIN 4924?. Bbr : Fachmagazin für Brunnen- und Leitungsbau, 60(4), 36-44 (2009).

Paikaray, S., Peiffer, S.: The effect of Fe(II) on schwertmannite transformation and its interference with As. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(13), A986-A986 (2009).


Knorr, K.: Dynamics of soil processes under extreme meteorological boundary conditions : response of below-ground carbon, sulfur, and iron cycling in fen soils. - Bayreuth: 2008.
(Thesis, 2008, Universität Bayreuth, Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften)


Berger, W., Scheuering, I., Peiffer, S.: Emissionsabschätzung aus kontaminierten Materialien - was können Labormethoden hierzu leisten?. Altlasten-Spektrum, 2006(3), 154-161 (2006).


Hopp, L., Peiffer, S.: Eignung von Elutionsverfahren zur Abschätzung der Mobilität von Arsen und Chrom. Vom Wasser, 103(4), 3-34 (2005).


Rothenhöfer, P., Huber, A., Kindsmüller, W., Wohnlich, S., Peiffer, S.: Begrenzung des Kalziumkarbonatgehalts für Deponiegasdränschichtmaterialien (auf 10 M.-%): Ist diese TASi-Vorschrift aus wissenschaftlicher Sicht noch haltbar?. Müll und Abfall, 2002(1), 33-41 (2002).


Rothenhöfer, P., Huber, A., Kainzmaier, B., Wohnlich, S., Peiffer, S.: Ein Vergleich von vier Methoden zur Bestimmung des Karbonatgehaltes. Wasser & Boden, 52, 37-42 (2000).


Peiffer, S., Köster, R., Förstner, U.: Altlasten und Grundwasser - Geowissenschaftliche Ansätze zum Schutz des Grundwassers vor Schadstoffeinträgen aus Altablagerungen und Altstandorten. Vom Wasser, 91, 351-354 (1998).

Peine, A., Peiffer, S.: Neutralisierungsprozesse in Sedimenten saurer Restseen des Braunkohletagebaus. Wasserkalender, 33, 48-72 (1998).


Peiffer, S., Stubert, I., Bär, S.: Die Mobilisierung von Cadmium aus gut gepufferten, pH-neutralen Sedimenten infolge der Oxidation von Eisensulfiden. Wasser & Boden, 48, 62-65 (1996).


Stubert, I., Wittke, R., Kleiner, D., Peiffer, S.: Experimenteller Ansatz zur Ermittlung des Einflusses chemischer und biologischer Faktoren auf die Oxidationskinetik von Pyrit unter pH-neutralen Bedingungen. Vom Wasser, 80, 283-302 (1993).


Peiffer, S.: Der pH2S-Wert - ein Maß für die Koordinationstendenz von Metallionen in wässrigen sulfidischen Systemen. Teil 1: Theoretische Einführung. Vom Wasser, 76, 267-285 (1991).

Peiffer, S.: Der pH2S-Wert - ein Maß für die Koordinationstendenz von Metallionen in wässrigen sulfidischen Systemen. Teil 2: Anwendungsbeispiel Müllsickerwasser. Vom Wasser, 77, 133-158 (1991).


Rehding, C., Herrmann, R., Peiffer, S.: Mobilität von Spurenmetallen im Verlauf des anaeroben Abbaus fester kommunaler Abfälle. Vom Wasser, 75, 229-231 (1990).

Rehding, C., Herrmann, R., Peiffer, S.: Schwermetallmobilität im Verlauf des anaeroben Abbaus fester kommunaler Abfälle. Vom Wasser, 75, 229-243 (1990).


Schramm, K., Lenoir, D., Peiffer, S., Hutzinger, O.: Azo-Verbindungen : Halbstufenpotentiale als Maß für das abiotische Abbaupotential in anaeroben Systemen. Umweltwissenschaften und Schadstoff-Forschung, 2, 7-9 (1989).


Schäfer, W., Peiffer, S.: Einsatz von Dialysierbeuteln zur Charakterisierung der Grundwasserbeschaffenheit im Abstrom einer Mülldeponie.. Zeitschrift für Wasser- und Abwasserforschung, 20, 197-202 (1988).


Frevert, T., Peiffer, S., Pecher, K.: Concentrations of heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Cd, Pb, Cu and Hg) as determined by anodic stripping voltammetry in freshwater ponds at Tarawa Atoll, Central Pacific. Micronesica, 21, 257-266 (1987).


Peiffer, S., Peters, K., Frevert, T.: Ein neues vereinfachtes Eichverfahren der direktpotentiometrischen pH2S-Messkette. Das Gas- und Wasserfach / Ausgabe Wasser, Abwasser, 127, 31-32 (1986).

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